Herb-Sunethi

Ginger (Sunthi)
(Zingiber officinale)

 

Part Used: Rhizome

Habitat:


Introduction:
Ginger is known as Sunthi in Ayurveda and description of the plant appears in the old text like Charak, Susruta, Vagbhatta and Chukra-dutta. The use of drug is mentioned in form of Trikatu, a famous Ayurvedic remedy for the treatment of digestive disorders.
Natural Product Radiance, Vol. 2 (6), Nov-Dec 2003.

Ginger not only helps to keep warm in colder days, it also promotes healthy sweating, which is often helpful during colds and flus. A good sweat may do a lot more than simply assist detoxification. It provides protection against invading microorganisms, including bacteria such as E. coli and Staphylococcus aureus (a common cause of skin infections) and fungi, including Candida albicans. Ginger essential oil showed the improvement in humoral immune response.
Indian Journal of Experimental Biology. Vol. 44, Nov. 2006, pp.892-897.

Mechanism of Action:
Mechanism behind the anti-inflammatory effect is by inhibiting arachidonic acid metabolism in both the cyclooxygenase and lipoxygenase pathways.
Alternative Medicine Revie., Volume 8, Number 3,2003


Medicinal Uses:
Indian traditional medicinal remedies especially for cough and asthma consists of juice of fresh ginger with a little juice of fresh garlic mixed with honey. It is also suggests 1-2 tea spoons of ginger juice with honey is a potent cough suppressant. Besides these ginger is very often used to cure many illness such as indigestion, tastelessness, loss of appetite, flatulence, intestinal, nausea, vomiting, allergic reactions, acute and chronic cough, common cold, fever, allergic rhinitis, sinusitis, acute chronic bronchitis, respiratory troubles, pain, headache, backache or any kind of muscular catch, painful tooth and swelled gum etc.

Pharmacological Actions:

Anti-inflammatory & Analgesic – Ginger contains potent anti-inflammatory compounds called gingerols. These substances are believed to explain why so many people with osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis experience reductions in their pain levels and improvements in their mobility when they consume ginger regularly. One of the mechanisms by which ginger exerts its ameliorative effects could be related to inhibition of prostaglandin and leukotriene biosynthesis.


Antioxidant - Ginger roots extracts contain polyphenol compounds (6-gingerol and its derivatives), which have a high antioxidant Activity. Antioxidant compounds are widely used compounds to counter the free radicals mediate oxidative stress in the cell. Antioxidant activity is due to the presence of flavones, isoflavones, flavonoids, anthocyanin, coumarin, lignans, catechins and isocatechins. Antioxidant property of ginger is an extremely significant activity which can be used as a preventive agent against a number of diseases.

Immune Boosting Action - Ginger not only helps to keep warm in colder days, it also promotes healthy sweating, which is often helpful during colds and flues. A good sweat may do a lot more than simply assist detoxification. It provides protection against invading microorganisms, including bacteria such as E. coli and Staphylococcus aureus (a common cause of skin infections) and fungi, including Candida albicans. Ginger essential oil showed the improvement in humoral immune response.
IOSR Journal of Pharmacy and Biological Sciences (IOSR-JPBS), e-ISSN: 2278-3008, p-ISSN:2319-7676. Volume 9, Issue 5 Ver. V (Sep -Oct. 2014), PP 124-129

Anti-emetic – Ginger has anti-emetic potential which is useful in improving the gastrointestinal effects, even in the cancer chemotherapy. It is also useful in nausea and vomiting.

Clinical Studies:

Conclusion: