Herb-Bhringraj

Bhringraj
(Eclipta alba)

Part Used: Whole Plant

Habitat:

Introduction:
Eclipta alba (L.) Hassk. (also known as Eclipta prostrate Roxb.) belongs to the Asteraceae family and is commonly known as false daisy in English and bhringoraj or bhringraj in Bangladesh and India. It is regarded as a weed of ethnomedicinal significance. It is known in the threemajor forms of traditional medicinal systems in the Indian subcontinent, namely, Ayurveda, Unani, and Siddha, as bhringoraaja, bhangraa, and karissalaankanni, respectively. The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India considers the plant as hepatoprotective.
International Scholarly Research Notices, Volume 2014, Article ID 385969, 22 pages

Main active principles consist of coumestans like wedelolactone, desmethylwedelolactone, furanocoumarins, oleanane & taraxastane glycosides.
Chokotia, L. S., et. al., June - July, 2013, Int. J. Res. Dev. Pharm. L. Sci.; 2(4), 499-502

Mechanism of Action:
Not clear…..

Medicinal Uses:
Bhringraj is popular due to its beneficial effects on liver, heart and other organs of the body. It is considered as a beneficial hair tonic and effective in alopecia.

Pharmacological Actions:

Hepatoprotective – E. alba helps to stimulate the regeneration of liver cells. According to some studies it is known to inhibit the replication of hepatitis C virus (HCV). It also restores the ALT, AST enzyme levels, serum proteins, bilirubin to the normal condition.
International Scholarly Research Notices, Volume 2014, Article ID 385969, 22 pages

Antinociceptive & anti-inflammatory Effect – E. alba reduces pain due to its anti-nociceptive property and decreases inflammation.
Rahman Atiar et al. J Pharm Biomed Sci. 2012, December; 25 (25); 130-140.

Anti-hyperlipidemic – E. alba possess antihyperlipidemic property and reduces serum triglyceride, total cholesterol & LDL (Low Density Lipoprotein) cholesterol. The diuretic property of this plant helps in excretion of excess cholesterol from the body and the hypotensive effect helps decreasing blood pressure inside the vascular system. These properties helps in prevention of cardiac diseases and keeps heart healthy.
J Med Food. 2007 Mar;10(1):143-8.

Immuno-modulatory Effect – E. alba enhances the non-specific immune responses and disease resistance due to increase activity of non-specific immune parameters.

Hair Growth – E. alba is known to promote hair growth, a treatment for alopecia and it keeps hair black.
Chokotia, L. S., et. al., June - July, 2013, Int. J. Res. Dev. Pharm. L. Sci.; 2(4), 499-502

Clinical Studies:

A
ccording to a human trial on hypotensive subjects, published in the journal of Medicine & Food, 2007; E. alba helps in reducing cholesterol (hypolipidemic effect), blood pressure (hypotensive effect) and has diuretic effect. It helps in reducing oxidative stress induced complications in these disease conditions.

J Med Food. 2007 Mar;10(1):143-8.

Conclusion:
Bhringraj is very well known because of its hepatoprotective and hair growing effects. Some clinical trials have been done for its hypolipidemic, hypotensive and diuretic effects which emphasize its role in the treatment of these disease conditions.